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Tarja Kallio-Tamminen, PhD





- Books

- Articles in English in scientific anthologies and conference proceedings

- Articles in Finnish journals and anthologies


Tarja Kallio-Tamminen, PhD, natural philosopher, has completed her degrees in physics and philosophy at the University of Helsinki. She is an active researcher and lecturer in her field who has taught in Finland and in Sweden, enjoying also the more cosmopolitan atmosphere when visiting the University of Cambridge, UK, and the Institute for Quantum Optics and Information, Vienna, Austria.

The focus of Tarja Kallio-Tamminen’s interests is to examine whether modern physics is able to provide tools for new approaches and solutions to the perennial philosophical questions: how humans are related to material reality and what is the basis of our knowledge. The ontological aspect of the topic is thoroughly studied in her doctoral dissertation “Quantum Metaphysics, the Role of Human Beings within the Paradigms of Classical and Quantum Physics” which surveys the formation of western conception of reality laying special emphasis on the profound changes that have happened in antiquity and at the turn of the modern era. It is claimed that the common world-view is once again in the middle of turmoil as quantum mechanics cannot be interpreted or understood within a particle-mechanistic framework. The re-valuation of many accepted ideas concerning the nature and relations of objects and observers provides a historic chance for achieving a better understanding of man’s relation with nature. When responsible humans with all their mental capabilities can be seen as participants and evolutive factors in nature the need for Cartesian substance dualism is evaded.

A monograph based on the dissertation is available both in English and in Finnish. The volumes “Reality Revisited. From a Clockwork to an Evolving Quantum World” and “Kvanttilainen todellisuus. Fysiikka ja filosofia maailmankuvan muovaajina” include an excellent introduction to the natural philosophy of antiquity and to the fundamentals of classical and quantum physics. They are to be recommended to everybody interested in the human enterprise to understand the nature of reality.


BSc degree in physics

University of Helsinki, 1979

MSc degree in high energy physics

University of Helsinki, 1983. Thesis: EPR-paradox

Lic.Phil. degree in theoretical philosophy

University of Helsinki, 1994. Thesis: Niels Bohr - Reconstructing the Physical Worldview

PhD degree in theoretical philosophy

University of Helsinki, 2004. Thesis: Quantum Metaphysics. The Role of Human Beings within the Paradigms of Classical and Quantum Physics

Research assistant checking bubble chamber pictures

University of Helsinki 8 months in 1980

Lecturer in physics, chemistry and mathematics, High school of Taavetti 1983-1988.

Lecturer in physics and philosophy

Part time at the open folk colleges in Helsinki, Vantaa and Espoo. 1990-1993.

Lecturer in natural philosophy

Part time at Laajasalo Christian College, Helsinki and Helsinki Open University 1995-1996.

President of the Green Cultural Education Centre ViSiO 1994-1997

Researcher in the Academy of Finland

Projects ”Modern theology and the change in the western conception of reality” and “Theology and the conception of reality” directed by prof. Eeva Martikainen, Department of Systematic Theology, University of Helsinki 1999-2003.

Lecturer in theoretical philosophy

School of Humanities and Informatics, University of Skövde, Sweden.

- Introductory and basic level courses in history of philosophy, philosophy of science, epistemology and metaphysics 2003-2005.

Visiting researcher in the Institute for Quantumoptik and Quantuminformation

University of Vienna 2006.

Independent researcher, science writer and lecturer since 2007.


Home Founders Dynamic Universe Universal structures Quantum Reality Machian space Discussion, FAQ 








Kvanttilainen todellisuus. Fysiikka ja filosofia maailmankuvan muovaajina

Helsinki university press, 2006, second edition Gaudeamus 2008.






Reality Revisited. From a Clockwork to an Evolving Quantum World

VDM Verlag Dr. Muller, 2008






Ruohonjuurista elämänpuuksi - suomalainen vaihtoehtoliikehdintä

Ed. Tuula Heima-Tirkkonen, Tarja Kallio-Tamminen, Tove Selin Vihreä Sivistysliitto, 1996.

Viisaita visioita, kauheita kuvia - Minne maailma on menossa

Ed. Tarja Kallio-Tamminen and Riitta Vaismaa, Vihreä Sivistysliitto 1996


Ed. Tarja Kallio TamminenVihreä Sivistysliitto 1994.



Science, Consciousness and Spirituality (lecture.pdf)

Toward a Science of Consciousness, Stockholm, Sweden. May 3.-7. 2011

Quantum Physics and Eastern Philosophy (presentation.pdf)

Toward a Science of Consciousness, Stockholm, Sweden. May 3.-7. 2011



Dynamic Universe and the Conception of Reality

Physical Interpretations of Relativity Theory XI, Imperial College, London 8-11 September 2008

Full text pdf

Presentation slides pdf


The article gives an overview of the structure and ontological implications of the Dynamic Universe theory. It inquires whether the theory should be taken as a serious candidate for a new theoretical framework, comparable to Newtonian approach in its own time. Classical physics justified the particle-mechanistic outlook and the world was seen as a huge clockwork until the beginning of 20th century when quantum physics and relativity theory challenged the previous metaphysical presuppositions and obscured the common world view. Dynamic Universe decisively breaks out from the particle-mechanistic context and provides an alternative perspective to reality – a new holistic framework with new set of assumptions and legitimate presuppositions applicable to all natural events and things. If we have a theory whose scope and profound simplicity surpasses the capacity of present theories – a theory which manages to handle correctly all the known physical and cosmological phenomena with minimum amount of postulates and with no fitting parameters – it should be carefully studied with all its features and consequences.

Since antiquity the growth in physical understanding of reality has characteristically been related to achieving a proper perspective and further knowledge on the interrelations between such concepts as mass, energy, motion, space and time. Dynamic Universe once more successfully changes the perspective and provides a new connection between these perennial concepts. By introducing a hidden motion into the 4th dimension it reveals an unexpected sight to the internal structure of the universe.


Expanding Ontology, Locus for Autonomous Subjective states in Quantum Framework

Human Approaches to the Universe. An Interdisciplinary Perspective. Ed. Eeva Martikainen. Luther-Agrigola-seura. 2005.

Niels Bohr’s Complementarity – A Linguistic Tool for Trancending the Myths of Objectivity and Subjectivity

Towards Otherland, Languages of Science and Languages Beyond. INTAS Volume of Collected Esseys 3. Ed. Rainer E. Zimmermann and Vladimir G. Budanov. Kassel University Press, 2005.

Free Will and Natural Order, Niels Bohr’s ideas concerning Observers and Actors in the Quantum World

Studies in Science and Theology, SSTh, volume 9, Yearbook of the European Society for the Study of Science and Theology 2003. Ed. Ulf Görman, Willem B. Drees and Hubert Meisinger, 2004.

The Copenhagen Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics and the Question of Causality

Infinity, Causality and Determinism - Cosmological Enterprises and their Preconditions, Ed. Eeva Martikainen. Peter Lang 2002.

Mind in Quantum Mechanics

New Directions in Cognitive Science, ed. P. Pylkkänen and P. Pylkkö, Finnish Artificial Intelligence Society, 1995.





Kokemus, todellisuuden hahmottamisen perusta, in Oppi ja maailmankuva

Ed. Tomi Karttunen, STKS, 2009.

Tiede ja ihmisen psykodynamiikka

Suomen joogalehti 2/2008

Muodon ja materian leikki. Onko intialainen ajattelu sukua modernille fysiikalle

Guruja, joogeja ja filosofeja, ed. Tapio Tamminen, WSOY, 2008

Aivot, mieli ja tietoisuus vedalaisessa ajattelussa

Futura 3/2007

Kvantit ja maailmankuvan murros

Elonkehä 4/2005

Ihmisen tietoisen toiminnan ymmärtäminen klassisessa ja kvanttiviitekehyksessä

Tulevaisuuden tutkimuksen seura ry:n Futura-lehti 3/2002

Dualismista komplementaarisuuteen

Luonnontieteen haaste teologialle ja filosofialle, ed. Seppo Laurema and Olli Hallamaa, Helsingin yliopiston Systemaattisen teologian laitoksen julkaisuja 17. Luther-Agricola-Seura, 2001.

Havaitsijan asema kvanttimekaniikan kööpenhaminalaisessa tulkinnassa

Tieteessä tapahtuu 5/2000.

Todellisuuskäsitys ja moderni fysiikka, Review of Werner Heisenberg’s book Physics and Philosophy

Tieteessä tapahtuu 8/2000

K.V. Laurikainen ja kööpenhaminalainen tulkinta, in Avartuva ajatus

Ed. Urho Ketvel ym. Luonnonfilosofian seuran julkaisuja IV, 1999.

Konekultturi saa kuolla, teknis-taloudellinen determinismi ei elä ilman uskoa in Tietoyhteiskunnan harha

Ed. Rauno Seppänen, Kustannusosakeyhtiö Puijo, 1998.

Kööpenhaminan tulkinta ja tietoisuus, in Vastakohtien todellisuus, ed.Urho Ketvel

Yliopistopaino, 1996.

Muuttuva maailmankuva in Tulevaisuuden ympäristöteot

Ed. Antti Immonen, Dodo ry and Vihreä Sivistys- ja opintokeskus, 1996.

Kvanttilainen todellisuus

Skepsis 3/1995

Kvanttivallankumous ja ihminen - syrjässä olevasta havaitsijasta evolutiiviseksi vaikuttajaksi

Kanava 8/1995

Martti Siirala ja ihmisyysidentiteetin kriisi in Messianismi

Ed. Tarja Kallio-Tamminen, Vihreä Sivistysliitto 1994

Ihminen todellisuuden näyttämölle

Yliopisto-lehti 22/1993